Reading instruction is comprised of word study (phonics and vocabulary), strategies for decoding and comprehension as well as thinking, talking and writing about books and the ideas within them. Students read and write for different purposes in a variety of genres. Spelling and grammar are taught within the context of writing. Digital resources and tools are used where appropriate to engage students further in communication, collaboration, critical thinking, and creativity. The school and classroom libraries are vital resources in providing students access to a wide range of challenging texts across all grade levels and cultural contexts for independent reading and research.